The Kalian-mosque in Boekhara-Uzbekistan

Traders led their caravans for centuries about the long trade routes through the desert.

The illuminated large Kalian Minaret led them, as lighthouse of the desert, to the Special City Boekhara (where Imam Al-Bukhari is coming from). From here was the call to prayer over the whole city to hear and this was through a network of two hundred minarets to the edge of the city.

Since the building was in 1127 and is the minaret both literally and figuratively in the Centre of Boekhara and dominates the city skyline. The striking minaret even knew to impress the cruel Rajendran. While he rarely cities saved from looting and destruction, he saved during the RAID in 1220.

The only person who was disappointed in the minaret was the architect himself. He regretted that "the flight of my fantasy was higher than the minaret that I built '. He had the minaret with great skill and patience built and laid the Foundation of an ingenious specie, with the special ingredient camel milk. He disappeared after using it for two years and he only came back when he was sure the grout had had sufficient time to harden. It was with his 50 metres the highest minaret in the world and would then remain central in the life of Boekhara, due to its religious function. The minaret led travelers to Boekhara and served as a watchtower during wars.

At the foot of the minaret Kalian is the Friday Mosque, Boekhara's mosque, one of the oldest and largest mosques of Central Asia. On his huge courtyard applies a community of as many as twelve thousand people. Around the bottom edge of the dome is an inscription: ' immortality belongs to Allah '.

It was already built in 795. In the course of the centuries the mosque expanded, destroyed and rebuilt and its current appearance dates from 1514. The mosque served nearly five centuries as Boekhara's Friday Mosque, except for a brief interruption during the Soviet period.