Moroccan cities: Rabat

In the series with Morocco's cities today we focus the spotlight on Rabat

Rabat is the capital of Morocco and is located on the Atlantic Ocean on the left bank of the mouth of the river Bou Regreg. It is the second largest city in Morocco after Casablanca. Rabat has a very rich history, this is well reflected in the many historical monuments that there. The capital has about 1.6 million inhabitants.



The place of the current Rabat was inhabited for a long time. During the Roman period the city was known as Chellah (Sala) and lay on the banks of the river Bou Regreg. After this, the Romans conquered this settlement and changed that in a colony with the name Sala Colonia. In the 5th century AD, the Roman city was abandoned.

Rome, hereinafter referred to as the settlement retained names Berber Princes Chella. In 1150 the Almohadische Caliph Abd al-Mu'min built here a fortress that later would be called the Kasbah of Oudaya, a mosque and a stay. The whole was a ribat, a fortress. The current name of the city comes from Ribat Al Fath, meaning "the camp of victory".

Yaqub, Almohad Caliph, al Mansour moved the capital of his empire to Rabat.

Morocco was occupied by the French in 1912 and decided General Hubert, the French officer who was in charge, to the capital of Fes to Rabat. Morocco became independent in 1956 and decided to Rabat King Mohammed V capital.




Right next to the Medina are the Andalusian gardens and the Kasbah des Oudaias. The Andalusian gardens are a delightful oasis in the midst of all the hustle and bustle of Rabat. When you are bored with the beautiful gardens full of orange trees, palms and flowers, you can just continue walking to the Kasbah des Oudaias. This is a fortification built on a mountain with wonderful views of the Atlantic Ocean. The Kasbah was built during the reign of the Almohads. Great for when you get out there want to escape the hustle and bustle of the Moroccan capital and want to enjoy the tranquility.


Behind beautiful old city walls is the bustling city centre of Rabat also called "suparna". The old quarter is, as almost everywhere in Morocco Rabat, also in the heart of the city. A large crowd of people, both locals and tourists, flows through the many gates in in this car-free Labyrinth looking for beautiful souvenirs and the best bargains.

Traders sell almost everything! If you like shopping, this is the ideal place, you can wander around for hours here and all the beauty. They sell herbs, spices, leather goods, pottery stuff, clothes, carpets, wooden furniture and much more interesting things. Beware that you don't get lost!


This is a necropolis to antique ruins and medieval buildings in the outskirts of Rabat. It is used to be a Roman city, which is good to see back to the buildings and architecture. Islamic architecture is also good to see back in the ruins.

In Chellah are also beautiful gardens and streams where you can walk and enjoy nature. Do you like history, then a visit to chellah.


The tour Hassan is the 44 meter high minaret that is part of the sultan Yaqub al-Mansur mosque rising high above the remains of the mosque, which in the 18th century was destroyed by an earthquake. With the construction of this minaret was started in 1195, but it was never finished. The construction of the minaret was on its half and it was intended that the largest minaret of the world should be. When Caliph Yaqub al-Mansur died in 1199, the construction was shut down.

Nearby is the mausoleum of Mohammed V and Hassan II, the grandfather and father of the current King of Morocco. The building consists of the mausoleum, a mosque and a peristyle.


Do you like museums than a visit to the Archaeological Museum in Rabat worth it, the museum is built on the Citadel Hill. In the museum are many to admire objects found during several excavations in Morocco. There are also jewelry found in the museum are exhibited. A part of the collection comes from Volubilis that at Mèknes.

This museum is located in the Moorish palace in the Kasba, here the museums lover a fine collection of Moroccan jewellery.


Near the Medina and the Kasbah des Oudaias shows a quiet piece of sea. It is possible to make a boat trip, you have here sailing a magnificent view of Rabat.
There are various boat trips offered. You can, for example, from Rabat to Salé. You can also rent a rowing boat and here a trip in.


You can find numerous shops in the Rabat MegaMall and there are also lots of restaurants where you get a bite to eat after shopping. There is also an ice rink, a bowling alley and various children's play areas. Fun for a family outing, because the children can entertain themselves here very well.


This is a long shopping street with all kinds of modern shops and dining options.


Also here can shop lovers stroll to the countless stalls and shops to visit.



Rabat has a Mediterranean climate which is characterized by warm summers and mild winters. In the summer months, there is almost no precipitation, and in the winter there can be occasional showers. Would you like a Sun holiday, then the summer months of July and August. Starting from October to be the fresher, ideal for an active holiday. Would you like to enjoy nature right than its February, may and June here best suited for, then everything is in bloom and you can enjoy beautiful flowers and the beautiful nature.


Rabat has the International Airport ' Rabat-Salé Airport. Rabat has a train station, a tram system and there are plenty of buses and taxis. The tram has plenty of lines you to the most important places in the city. The bus network in Rabat is good, you can come by bus almost everywhere, it is true that the buses often very very full.


Morocco has so much beauty and features beautiful spots, more on this next week in the next city!

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