Moroccan cities: Fez

In the series with Moroccan cities today we focus the spotlight on Fez.

Fez is located north of the Atlas and is the biggest city of Morocco after Casablanca and Marrakech. The city lies in the region of Fez, Fez-Boulmane and is one of the four imperial cities.

Fez has a very rich history what to see is still well back to the city by the old buildings and distinctive architecture. The city is well known for its traditional industries that nowadays still be exercised as the tanneries and other crafts. Fez is one of the oldest and largest medieval cities of the world and counted a population of 946,815 persons in 2004.

Founded in 789 Idris I, the founder of the Idrisiden, a location on the right bank of the Jawhar-River. His son, Idris II, built a new branch in 808 on the left bank, across from the existing location. These facilities would rapidly develop into two separate, walled and autonomous cities: Madinat Fez al-Bali and Adwat al Andalus. In 808 Walili by Fez was replaced as the capital of the Idrisiden. In the 10th century, the power of the Idrisiden in each other.

Fez was then greatly expanded by the Almohads. Under the Almohads the city grew so quickly that it between 1170 and 1180 even the largest city in the world.

In Fez regained its status of 1250 capital under the Meriniden. In 1276 they founded Fez Jdid, Fez reached its peak under the Meriniden. In this period came Fez known as important intellectual center.

After Moulay Hafiz in 1912 had transferred control of Morocco to the French started this, outside the city walls, starting from 1916 to build the modern Fez. The name ' Fez ' is an Arabic word that stands for Pickaxe. The well-preserved old town of Fez, a UNESCO World Heritage site.

The old craft tanning is still frequently performed in Morocco. At Quartiers des Tanneurs you can see with your own eyes how this particular job done. This tannery is located in one of the busiest sections in the medina of Fez. Various earthenware ' bathtubs ' are filled with water, colored liquids and large pieces of leather. Are you wondering how, for example, purses, shoes, bags and jackets are dyed, then a visit definitely worthwhile.

The old town of Fez is referred to as medina, this part of Fez is packed with historic and monumental buildings. The largest Bloom time was there between the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, at the time, was appointed to capital Fes. The medina of Fez is a maze of narrow streets with small shops, fresh produce, herbs, tanneries, and more ancient crafts that are on display. If you visit the medina it seems sometimes a trip back in time.

In the city of Fez are much different crafts in an authentic way. In the ' Nejjarine Museum of Wood Arts and Crafts ' you can discover a variety of works of art and other craftsman sheep elsewhere in the city yet to be implemented. Interesting to have a look if you like art and culture.

The current fort Borj Nord Fez is a fortification from the sixteenth century. It was built by Sultan Ahmed al-Mansur. From the terrace could by means of guns the enemies at Bay. A particular piece of history you can see here.

From here you have a wonderful panoramic view of the city of Fez. Apart from the function of fort has the Borj Nord also served as a prison and barracks. Currently there is a military museum in located.

Dar Batha is a Palace in Fez from the nineteenth century. It is situated opposite the Madrassa Bou Inania in the old medina. The ordered the construction of the Dar Batha Palace was submitted by the late King of Morocco, El-Hassan ben Mohammed ben Youssef el-Abad or Hassan II.

Dar Batha is a museum since 1915, lovers can make beautiful jewelry, pottery and other objects. It also has fountains and indoor gardens where you can make a walk through.

To the Karaouine Mosque is also a University. The Karaouine mosque was founded in the 9th century, the current building can accommodate 20,000 believers. The mosque is also called as the oldest still operating University in the world, there are religious studies.

The major construction work is supported by 270 pillars. Do you like architecture then it is definitely worth taking a look and walk around it, so you the construction work of this impressive mosque from various positions.

Dar el-Makhzen is situated in the modern part of the city, formerly stayed there in this thirteenth century palace on the Rue Essafae sultans. Later resided there all kinds of officials of the Government and nowadays, the Moroccan King also still regularly to this leave. The Palace has richly decorated Moorish ports that the Palace a stately appearance. The Palace you can not enter but on the outside it looks spectacular.

The medina of Fez has many entrances, one that is outstanding is the Bab Boujloud. The port that officially as main entrance is seen, is supported by high walls that separate the old part of Fes of the new town. There is a Moorish architectural style used for the ports. About 1913, this port with a beautiful blue color inlaid, the side of the Medina is in the green colored. The blue gate leads you straight to the heart of the medina, especially in the evening it is near this port is very busy.

The well-known religious madrassa of Fez is used as a school and mosque on Friday. Here were a few decades ago students trained as a jurist, imam or other notability. The water clock in the ' Dar al-Magana ' is a special reference to the history, formerly by means of water reservoirs time units were determined.

Make it a walk and discover the architecture and the fine interiors of this beautiful building. Mosaics brighten up the space on in bright and simple colors, while beautifully carved gates and other passages to precious works of art.

Just outside the medina is a nice area hidden. The Jnan Sbil gardens are an oasis of calm in the busy Fez. Do you like peace and nature than the park is well worth a visit, there are bright flowers, palm trees and a whole collection of cacti and other tropical vegetation. The centerpiece of this park is the main square, where you can sit and relax or take a walk.

Fez has a continental climate with extremely hot temperatures in the summer months, the Mercury may reach up to 45 degrees. In spring and autumn is the climate here at best.

Would you like a holiday in the Sun than the summer months are the best time to go. You can't stand the heat and would you like to choose an active holiday in the autumn.

Fez features an airport, Fes-Saïss airport, and there is a train station. The city also has a bus network and taxis. There are also plenty of opportunities to rent a car.

Morocco has so much beauty and features beautiful spots, more on this next week in the next city!

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