Three banned pesticides are sold in Morocco
The chemicals, international are widely banned, are still widely used in Morocco, the Moroccan newspaper Assabah reported. ONSSA identified according to the newspaper, two Asian and European pesticide that is widely used in the agricultural sector in Morocco.
One European chemical, which is used for tomato farms in Morocco, is banned in France because of the danger that it poses to the health of farmers and consumers. Thailand has the use of one of the three listed pesticides banned by ONSSA. It is classified as carcinogenic.
Doctor OumKaltoum Harati told news site Morocco World News that "pesticides have played an important role in improving the quality of agricultural products. However, many studies have expressed concern about health risks that can be caused by pesticides. "
Harati added that exposure to pesticides on both the long and the short term can affect the peripheral nervous system, the white blood cells, liver function and the elektrolyteniveaus of man. Pesticides can also cause kidney disease. Harati said that the need to protect consumers and farm workers to pesticides is of the utmost importance. "There are many pesticides banned in many countries, having regard to the potential risk of acute toxicity after exposure and chronic toxicity."
Assabah added that the three pesticides in large quantities are smuggled into Morocco. The use of contraband pesticides has greatly increased. "They represent 10 to 15 percent of all pesticides used in farming are used," added the newspaper, which quoted an unidentified source.
Different dysfunctions in the agricultural sector have been importing and distribution of pesticides. According to Assabah are just 10 of the 300 distributors of pesticides approved by ONSSA, while the majority of the 1,760 resellers do not comply with the legal standards set out in the 42-95 law relating to the fight against pesticides and the regulation of the distribution.
An earlier report of the "Anti-Poison and Pharmacovigilance Centre" (CAPM) revealed that 48.6 percent of the reported poisoning deaths in Morocco in 2016 was caused by pesticides. The report states that the CAPM in 2016 16,843 cases of poisoning has registered an increase of 10.3 percent, which compared to 2015.
Laayoune-S-El Hamra's region registered the highest number of deaths from pesticides (119.26 per 100,000 inhabitants), followed by the region Tanger Tetouan-Al Hoceima (107.4 per 100,000) and the region of Rabat-SalÃ©-KÃ©nitra (83.6 per 100,000), according to the research data.
The high degree of pesticidenblootstelling and poisoning in Morocco is due to direct access to the dust, said CAPM-Director Rachida Soulaymani Baby in an interview with the Moroccan news agency MAP.